| Based on helping the natural
development of the human being.
| Based on the transfer of a national
|Children learn at their own pace and
follow their own individual interests.
| Children learn from a set curriculum
according to a time frame that is the
same for everyone.
|Children teach themselves using
materials specially prepared for
| Children are taught by the teacher.
| Understanding comes through the
child's own experiences via the
materials and the promotion of
children's ability to find things out
| Learning is based on subjects and
is limited to what is given.
| Learning is based on the fact that
physical exploration and cognition
| Children sit at desks and learn from
a whiteboard and worksheets.
| The teacher works in collaboration
with the children.
| The class is teacher led.
| The child's individual development
brings its own reward and therefore
| Motivation is achieved by a system
of rewards and punishments.
|Uninterrupted work cycles.|| Block time, period lessons.
|Multi-age classrooms.|| Single-graded classrooms.
| Working and learning matched to
the social development of the child.
| Working and learning without
emphasis on social development.